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Fact Sheet

Country name: Jamaica

Location: Caribbean Island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 77 30 W

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

Area: 10,991 sq km (total); land - 10,831 sq km; water - 160 sq km

Natural Resources: bauxite, gypsum, limestone

Population: 2,930,050

Natural hazards: hurricanes (especially July to November)

Age Structure:          0-14 years:     28.4% (male 423,855/female 409,651) 
15-24 years:   21.7% (male 319,291/female 316,773) 
25-54 years:   36.4% (male 525,288/female 542,015) 
55-64 years:   5.6% (male 79,875/female 84,562) 
65 years and over: 7.8% (male 102,377/female 126,363)

Population Growth Rate: 0.69% 

Country Currency: Jamaican Dollar

Capital City: Kingston 

Religions: Protestant 64.8% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 12.0%, Pentecostal 11.0%, Other Church of God 9.2%, New Testament Church of God 7.2%, Baptist 6.7%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.5%, Anglican 2.8%, United Church 2.1%, Methodist 1.6%, Revived 1.4%, Brethren .9%, and Moravian .7%), Roman Catholic 2.2%, Jehovah's Witness 1.9%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 6.5%, none 21.3%, unspecified 2.3%

Government type: Constitutional Parliamentary Democracy and part of the Commonwealth Realm

Administrative Divisions: 14 parishes, namely Clarendon, Hanover, Kingston, Manchester, Portland, Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine, Saint Elizabeth, Saint James, Saint Mary, Saint Thomas, Trelawny, Westmoreland 

Legal System: Common Law System Based on the English Model

Economy:  As at 2013, The Jamaican economy was heavily dependent on services, which accounted for nearly 80% of GDP.  Then, the country derived most of its foreign exchange from tourism, remittances, and bauxite/alumina, where remittances and tourism each accounted for 30% of GDP, while bauxite/alumina exports made up roughly 5% of GDP. 

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